Hollowing Out the Middle - The Rural Brain Drain and What it Means for America, by Patrick J. Carr and Maria J. Kefalas


Patrick Carr was born and raised in Drogheda, Ireland and earned his bachelor and master’s degrees from University College Dublin. In 1992, he was awarded the prestigious National University of Ireland Travelling Studentship to pursue graduate study abroad, and in 1998 he earned his Ph.D. in sociology at the University of Chicago. Professor Carr writes extensively about crime and communities, youth and adolescence, and the transition to adulthood, and his first book, Clean Streets, was published by New York University Press. He lectures to audiences all over the world about community policing and crime control and he, and his research, have been featured in numerous media outlets, including on NPR. Professor Carr is an Associate Member of the MacArthur Foundation’s Network on Transitions to Adulthood and he teaches in the Department of Sociology at Rutgers University-New Brunswick, where he is an Associate Professor.

Maria Kefalas earned her bachelor’s degree from Wellesley College and her master degree and doctorate from the University of Chicago. She worked at the Brookings Institution, held a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania, and taught at Barnard College at Columbia University before joining the faculty of Saint Joseph’s University, where she is an Associate Professor of Sociology. Professor Kefalas has published two other books and a number of articles including Working-Class Heroes (University of California Press, 2003) and (with co-author Kathryn Edin) Promises I Can Keep (California, 2005), the recipient of the William Goode Prize from the American Sociological Association for the most outstanding contribution to family scholarship. She lectures widely about the challenges facing poor families and youth and is a frequent contributor to the media: she, and her work, have been featured in The Washington Post, Time Magazine, The Des Moines Register, The New York Times, The Philadelphia Inquirer, the American RadioWorks documentary “After Welfare”, on The Tavis Smiley Show and NPR. She also serves as an Associate Member of the MacArthur Foundation’s Network on Transitions to Adulthood.

Presently, with support from a Department of Justice Edward Byrne Grant, Carr and Kefalas are conducting interviews with 150 young people from Philadelphia’s most dangerous neighborhoods about their perceptions of crime, violence, and the police. Their research has inspired a youth-led anti-violence called The Respect Campaign.

Patrick Carr and Maria Kefalas, who are husband and wife, live outside of Philadelphia with their two children.

Purchase the Book

To order copies of the book go to Amazon.com, Barnes & Noble, Beacon Press, Borders, or Indie Bound.